Mango is known as the ‘king of Indian fruits’.
Mango is called aamra, sahakaar, rasaal, and so on in Sanskrit. Its botanical name is Mangifera indica. Mango found in India, Myanmar and Thailand. Many species and sub-species of mango are found, owing to this it has innumerable names. A species of mango is named after its appearance, colour, shape, taste, and smell. These names are langda, totapari, Karelia, gundu, safeda, Zafran, sindooria, suvarbrenrekha, pansera, haathi jhool, atimadhuram, doodhia, sharbati, mithwa, saunfia, and so on .In some places mangoes have also been named as Humayun-ud-din, jehangir, Nisarpasand, Rahmatkhas, Mudappa, and so on.
Alphonso (hapus) variety of mango was discovered by a person called Aplhonso. Mango is now an international fruit. Foreigners too relish it.
Since temperature varies in different parts of the country, the mango yields fruit at different times. The sequence of appearance of new shoots begins in the south and later comes towards north India. In Chennai, Kerala, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra, mango is available from March on wards, In bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab it is plentiful in June-July.
A ripe mango contains vitamins A, B, C, base, protein, potassium, iron, calcium, phosphorus and carbohydrates. A ripe mango weighing hundred grams contains 50-60 calories. Raw mango is bilious on account of being rich in citric acid.
Besides the mango, its leaves, bark and wood are also useful. The strong wood of mango is used to make doors, windows and furniture. Together with the banyan, neem and peepal, mango is counted among shady trees.